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Appurtenances are a form of legal rights and obligations attached to land or other real property. They are typically defined in the deed or title document accompanying the title transfer to the property. Appurtenances are not attached to the land itself but rather the rights and obligations that go along with the ownership of the property. Appurtenances can be divided into two categories. The first type of appurtenance is an easement, which is a right of way that one property owner has over another’s land. This right may be for a path, a road, a driveway, or some other form of access to the land. The second type of appurtenance is a covenant, a promise between two parties regarding how the land will be used or maintained. For example, a covenant may state that a specific plot of land will be used for agricultural purposes only.

In real estate, appurtenance refers to any improvement or feature that permanently adds to the property. Appurtenances are fixtures or other things that are so closely associated with the land or the building that they become part of the real property. This includes buildings, fences, sheds, driveways, and landscaping. Appurtenances can also include easements, the right to use someone else's property for a specific purpose. For example, if you buy a home with a shed in the backyard, that shed would be considered an appurtenance. Likewise, if you put up a fence around the property, that would also be an appurtenance. It is important to note that not all improvements made to a property qualify as appurtenances. For something to be considered an appurtenance, it must be permanently attached to the property. As a real estate agent, it is important to clearly understand appurtenances and their importance when valuing a property or negotiating a sale.

Real property is property that is connected to the land or is immovable. This could include things such as sheds, fences, heating and cooling systems, and certain rights. Appurtenances are not a part of the land; however, they are considered part of the transaction when the property is handed over to a new owner. Examples of appurtenances could include lighting fixtures, water heaters, window coverings, and other accessories within the home. These items are not seen as tangible real property, but they are linked to the land or house and they do not have a title deed in their own right; they come with the property as a group. The appurtenances should be included in the transaction when a property is sold, as the property would only be complete with them. The appurtenances add value to the property, so they should be listed and their condition assessed before purchasing. When selling a house, it's important to document and explain the appurtenances to provide full disclosure so all parties know. To sum up, an appurtenance in the context of real estate is something that is installed in or sits on a property, is considered all part of the transaction when the property is sold, and is typically an accessory or item that runs with the land and doesn't have a title in its own right. It's important to include these items with the property when selling to provide full disclosure and awareness to potential buyers. It can add financial value to the property, and it is important to assess its condition before buying or selling any real estate.

Appurtenances carry with them certain rights and obligations that both parties must respect. Therefore, anyone buying or selling property with appurtenances needs to understand the rights and obligations attached to the property. The appurtenances may be transferred with the property, while the seller may retain them in other instances. In any case, it is important to have a clear understanding of the rights and obligations of each party so that there will be no disputes in the future. This term is commonly used in real estate and usually applies to improvements or rights connected to a particular property. For example, if an individual owns a home, any outbuildings, fence lines, appurtenant waterways, and other fixtures would all be considered appurtenances to the main residence. Additionally, there are occasions when a right or privilege is appurtenant to a piece of real estate. This will imply that the right or privilege travels with that particular parcel or land if it is ever sold or transferred. 

Appurtenances can benefit both parties, as they help ensure that the rights and obligations associated with the property are respected. For example, an easement may provide access to a public road or private driveway, while a covenant may ensure the land is used for the intended purpose. Appurtenances can also help protect the property's value, as they help ensure that the rights and obligations associated with the property are respected. By understanding the appurtenances related to a property, a buyer can decide whether to purchase the property. However, it is important to note that these rights are limited and usually not "free-standing" as an independent and separate property. The rights or privileges that are appurtenant to the land may include a particular access or easement to it, a legal right of use of the land, a limited or restricted right of passage, or the right to hunt, fish, raise crops, or cultivate the land. These rights are tied to the main piece of real estate in some way and are typically referred to as a bundle of rights or appurtenances.

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