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Actual Eviction

Actual Eviction

Actual eviction results from a legal action taken by a lessor when a tenant has defaulted on their payments. It's the physical removal of a tenant from the rental property pursuant to a court order. An eviction is a lengthy process that begins with the lessor sending a notice to the tenant detailing the reasons for the removal. This notice may be either oral or written and usually includes the time the tenant has to vacate the property. If the tenant fails to comply, the lessor may file for a court order. Upon being granted a court order, the lessor can engage law enforcement to physically remove the tenant (actual eviction) from the rental property. It's important to note that the court order does not give the lessor abiding possession of the property but allows the lessor to repossess it.


The eviction process includes physically removing the tenant's possessions, if necessary. The court order also enables the lessor to seek damages for any unpaid rent, late fees, attorney fees, court costs, or other developments associated with the eviction process. Ultimately, an actual eviction is the final method of possessory enforcement deprived by the court when other procedures have been exhausted upon a tenant. Actual eviction is the legal process of removing a tenant from a rental property for not adhering to the terms of the lease agreement. Though landlords may try to resolve the situation out of court in most cases, eviction is the only way to remove a tenant from a rental property legally. This can happen if the individual has failed to pay rent or violated the terms of their lease agreement. The landlord must go through a formal legal process of filing for eviction and obtaining a court order before lawfully removing the tenant. If the tenant does not leave voluntarily, the landlord can ask the authorities to evict. This can be a traumatic experience for all parties involved, especially those forced to leave their homes. Additionally, tenants may have legitimate reasons to remain on the property in some cases, such as disability, illness, or delay in payments due to unforeseen circumstances. Therefore, landlords and tenants need to communicate early and honestly to try to avoid actual eviction.


Actual eviction is a serious matter as it involves the removal of a tenant by the landlord from the property they had leased or rented. It is typically used to force tenants to comply with their rental agreement or lease terms and conditions. To begin an eviction process, the landlord must often have cause to do so, meaning that the tenant must have violated their rental agreement somehow. Common reasons for this could include:

  • Failing to pay rent on time.

  • Violating the terms of the lease.

  • Causing damage to the property.

  • Disturbing other tenants.

Once it is determined that a tenant must be evicted, the landlord will typically attempt to contact the tenant in question and inform them that they are in breach of the lease. The landlord will notify the tenant of the time and date they must vacate the premises, and if the tenant refuses, the landlord may obtain a court order forcing them to do so. The tenant needs to understand that they must vacate the premises by the given date, as the police may be called in to force compliance if they remain on the property.


Advises the tenant of the alleged breach of the lease agreement, such as not paying rent on time or having unauthorized occupants living in the rental. If the tenant does not remedy the breach within a certain time period (the time period varies by state and jurisdiction), the landlord will move to the next step of filing an eviction lawsuit in court. Eviction can be complicated, and each step must be followed carefully and accurately. After filing the eviction lawsuit, the landlord must arrange to have the complaint and summons served to the tenant. This is done using a process server or, in some jurisdictions, a law enforcement official. Once the tenant has been served the paperwork, they will have a specified time frame to respond to the court. If the tenant fails to respond, a default judgment will be issued in the landlord's favor, and the court will order the tenant to leave the rental property. If the tenant does respond, a hearing in court will be set up to hear both sides of the case. During the hearing, the judge will consider evidence and testimony from both the landlord and tenant and then render a decision. If the landlord wins, a Writ of Possession will be issued, and the tenant must vacate the premises. Eviction can be a complex and overwhelming process. It is often easier for landlords to successfully evict a tenant with the assistance of a lawyer. A lawyer can guide the entire process and help ensure it is done properly and legally.


Actual eviction is serious for landlords and tenants, and the consequences are often severe. For example, tenants evicted from their homes are often given a negative credit rating, making renting elsewhere tricky. In addition, landlords may not be able to rent the property for some time, leading to a financial loss. Ultimately, it is in the best interests of both parties to avoid the need for an eviction. If tenants breach their contractual agreement, they should adhere to the terms immediately. If displacement is unavoidable, the landlord and tenant should follow the proper legal process to protect their rights and ensure a quick resolution.

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